What you Need to Know About Heart Attack

Myocardial Infarction, also known as Heart Attack is one of the most common medical emergencies all over the world. It is more common in India, where there are more than 10 million cases of heart attack every year.

But due to the advancements of technology these days, a heart attack can be easily cured or prevented. Cardiac Surgeons in Ranchi, who are supposedly the best surgeons in Jharkhand have suggested that a heart attack can be easily prevented if the patient follows a healthy diet, the “no smoking and drinking” rule, proper exercises, etc.

What is a Heart Attack?

Basically, a heart attack is a medical emergency caused due to a blood clot that blocks the flow of blood to the heart. Without the blood going into the heart, the heart tissue loses oxygen and ultimately stops its function leaving the individual to die.

General Symptoms of a Heart Attack

Heart Attack is very common in almost every part of the world. In India, every year, there are more than 10 million cases of a heart attack. Some of the general symptoms for heart attack include,

  • Nausea, Indigestion, heartburn or abdominal pain
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sudden Dizziness

And many more…

And the symptoms vary with each type of a heart attack

Types of Heart Attacks

There are various types of heart attacks that lead to the failure of the heart. Some of the important types of heart attack include:

  • ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI)

This is the most common type of heart attack that we find common all over the world. Whenever anyone mentions about a heart attack, then it is most likely the STEMI heart attack the individual has suffered where the coronary artery is completely blocked and large portions of the heart muscles stop receiving blood. Some of the main symptoms of this type include nausea, shortness of breath, anxiety, lightheadedness, etc.

  • Non-ST segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI)

This is another type of heart attack where the coronary artery is partially blocked, unlike STEMI where the coronary artery is completely blocked. Moreover, NSTEMI will not show any change in the ST segment of an ECG reading. Though it is less damaging than STEMI, it is still considered to be dangerous.

  • Coronary Spasm, or Unstable Angina

The Coronary Spasm or CAS is another type of heart attack which is very similar to STEMI heart attack. Only a blood test can reveal whether the patient had a STEMI attack or a CAS. Though not dangerous, another CAS will definitely kill the individual.

Preventions and Treatment for Heart Attack and Conclusion

Being a very dangerous medical emergency, a heart attack can also be treated and prevented. According to Cardiologists in Ranchi, treatment involves ranges including changes to lifestyle and cardiac rehabilitation, bypass surgery, etc. and as mentioned before, prevention involves a healthy diet, proper exercise, no smoking, no drinking, reducing the intake of junk food and other high-calorie food items that increase your cholesterol present in your body.

To conclude, heart attacks can be easily prevented unless you follow whatever your doctor suggests you do so. 

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