How the Mitral Valve Replacement of Heart Is Done?
Heart-related issues are escalating each year. It has been the major cause of death of people for years. Heart diseases can happen due to blood vessel diseases, heart rhythm problems, or in some cases, can cause due to some inborn heart problems. Unhealthy lifestyle and food can also lead to many heart-related issues. It is better to consult a Heart Surgery Doctors Ranchi regarding these issues.
Why does a heart attack occur?
A heart attack is one of the major heart-related issues. It is caused when a major blood vessel gets narrowed or blocked. Blood vessels are part of our body that transports oxygen and nutrients to all our body through blood. Many Adult Cardiac Surgery Ranchi takes care of the people who deal with heart problems.
Reason for narrowing or blocking of major blood vessels-
Plaque is the cholesterol-containing deposits of in our body. Plaque takes decades to make a noticeable symptom. With the development of the plaque, the blood flow in the arteries decreases. It can cause chest pain, shortness of breath, and other symptoms.
When the mitral valve is replaced?
Our heart has 4 chambers. These chambers are right atrium, right ventricle, left atrium, and left ventricle. Between each chamber, there are valves to refrain the blood from flowing backward. There are three valves in our heart Tricuspid valve, pulmonic valve, and mitral valve.
The tricuspid valve is present between the right atrium and right ventricle. The Pulmonic valve is present between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery. And the mitral valve is present between the left atrium and the left ventricle. The left ventricle is the chamber responsible for pumping blood through the blood vessels.
Mitral Valve Replacement is done when the mitral valve is damaged and disrupts the blood flow. The left ventricle pumps the blood with a lot of pressure, and a leak in the valve can be fatal. The treatment of the mitral valve can differ depending on the condition of the valve. Some of the Heart Surgery Doctors Ranchi may advise to repair or replace the whole valve.
What causes the failures of mitral valve?
The failure can occur due to two reasons. In the first case, the valve gets calcified, and the blood is unable to move forward. In the second case, the valve is too loose, and the blood flows backward during the pumping of the blood. If the mitral valve is affected less, then the surgery is done through numerical small cuts.
Adult Cardiac Surgery Ranchi is done by opening up the chest of the patient and reaching the heart. Then the surgeon makes a 2-3 inch long cut near the breastbone. If the calcification in the valve can be removed, then it is done to resume the normal flow of the blood. If the valve is damaged, then the doctor removes the damaged valve and introduces a new valve in its place.
The operation may take a couple of hours or more, depending on the condition of the patient. The recovery period of the patient may differ from 8 weeks and more.